Young people who left MBO with no basic qualification are less likely to have paid work ten years later. And if they have a job, it is more often in flexible employment than people who have acquired a basic qualification. Statistics Netherlands examined this for 2008 and 2018.
In 2008, more than 87,000 young people under the age of 23 left MBO. 39 percent of them did not have a basic qualification. This is a diploma at MBO 2 level or higher, or a HAVO or VWO diploma. Ten years later, 70 percent of people with no basic qualifications had a job.
Of the former students who started MBO in 2008, 91 percent had paid work in 2018. This work was also more common in permanent employment (56 percent) than among people without basic qualifications (40 percent).
More often men with no basic qualifications
People without basic qualifications are more often men. This is also because MBO 1 courses are attended more by men than women. A diploma from an MBO 1 program does not give a basic qualification.
Women also returned more frequently to training in order to obtain a basic qualification. This also worked for 30 percent of these women. That was 23 percent for men.
“Unfortunately, there is not much at stake”
Earlier this year it was announced that the number of school leavers had increased in the 2018-2019 school year despite millions of supporters. Schools and communities have more than 80 million euros from the Central government. More than 17 million euros are available for schools that are reducing early school leaving.
“Unfortunately, the efforts of the past do not seem to be enough to reduce the number of early school leavers,” wrote Education Minister Van Engelshoven to the House of Commons in March. The letter to parliament states that, according to municipalities and schools, the cause lies in the wrong choice of study and the increasing problems of young people. The improving labor market also played a role: due to the availability of jobs, young people chose to go to work instead of finishing their education.
The MBO Council has announced that there are still no signs that the corona crisis is leading to higher dropout rates. “We are noticing that young people find distance learning very difficult,” said a spokesman.